By MARYA SALAMAT
The suspension of the toll fee hike in South Luzon Expressway (SLEx) is a â€śtemporary victory of the protests being lodged against it by motorists and the Filipino people,â€ť George San Mateo, secretary general of alliance of drivers and operators Piston said as the Toll Regulatory Boardâ€™s (TRB) meeting ended Wednesday October 27 with the deferment of the dreaded toll fee hike.
But it was just a deferment, noted Piston as they wrapped up their picket-protest in front of the office of TRB in Ortigas. Piston urged the Filipino motorists and consumers to â€śremain vigilant and prepare to launch concerted protest actions when the TRB and the Aquino government eventually forced the implementation of the 250-percent toll fee hike.â€ť
Hard on Already Poor, Working People
The 250-percent toll fee hike in SLEx has previously been approved by the Toll Regulatory Board early this year, toward the tail-end of the Arroyo governmentâ€™s rule. It would have begun implementation last June but protests against it had prompted the Supreme Court to issue a temporary restraining order last August 13.
However, after Aquinoâ€™s first one hundred days in MalacaĂ±ang, the Supreme Court lifted the restraining order, citing the private developersâ€™ â€śright to reasonable profit,â€ť thus paving the way for the implementation of toll fee hikes. Immediately, both the TRB and the private company operating the SLEx announced the impending hikeâ€™s implementation early November.
Workers, transport workers and operators, commuters, discuss bases for zero toll fee hike.(Photo by Marya Salamat / bulatlat.com)
With the 250-percent increase, private passenger vehicles would be paying P2.73 ($0.06) per kilometer over the current 82 centavos ($0.019) per kilometer to the South Luzon Tollways Corp. (SLTC) which holds the 25-year concession on the 30-kilometer SLEx. The SC decision affirming public-private right to â€śreasonable profitâ€ť and the TRBâ€™s role in it also opens the possibility for toll fee hikes in the Skyway to Alabang and in the NLEx in north of Manila.
But in an economy where joblessness persists and incomes remain low, complaints against the looming toll fee hikes coming from varied groups and individuals have threatened to intensify that the Aquino government, after saying it will not block the increases, also began asking the public to â€śbe reasonableâ€ť and exercise â€śsobriety.â€ť
Now the presidential economic council, said DOTC secretary Ping de Jesus in an interview with DZRH, is â€śleaning more on increasing the toll fees on a staggered basis.â€ť
“Whether they hike the toll fees in increments or in a one-time big-time decision, the effect is the same: most Filipinos stand to suffer from the resulting higher prices of goods and transport fares,â€ť Modesto Floranda, officer of Piston, told Bulatlat. Most critics also dread an even more reduced income of public utility drivers, truckers, small traders and producers, in the event the Aquino government increases the toll fees.
â€śIt will not only deprive an ordinary jeepney driver of his entire dayâ€™s earnings, it could even leave him in debt at the end of his long working day,â€ť said George San Mateo during their groupâ€™s picket-protest in front of the TRB. He explained that an ordinary jeepney driver earns P300 ($6.97) a day on average, less than the amount the driver would have to cough up to pay the higher toll fees.
The Supreme Court ruling â€śhas long-term adverse economic impact on the welfareâ€ť of people in provinces such as Bicol, said Joey Salceda, one of the petitioners against the toll fee hike and an economic adviser to former president Arroyo. Salceda complained that higher toll fees would disadvantage â€śthe small viajeros (traders) who depend on Divisoria trade, or the fish dealers that rely on Navotas, and the ordinary motorists that include students studying in Metro Manila or families visiting their relatives.â€ť
The activist fisherfolk alliance Pambansang Lakas ng Kilusang Mamamalakaya ng Pilipinas (Pamalakaya) warned last Saturday the 250 percent increase in SLEx toll fees would further push trade cartels and buyers of agricultural and fishery products in Southern Luzon to cut farm gate prices of farmers and fisherfolk produce in the Bicol and Southern Tagalog regions.
â€śThe cartel will further cut prices of farm gate prices by as much as 50-percent. Because of toll hikes at SLEx; fish traders will further reduce the average of fish price of P50 ($1.16) per kilo to P30 or P25 ($0.697 to $0.58) per kilo,â€ť estimated Fernando Hicap, Pamalakaya national chair. This meant reduced income to farmers and fisherfolks.
Meanwhile, consumers of their products would likely be made to bear with higher prices, warned Hicap. â€śTo ensure fish cartels would have money for toll fees and still make profits, they will jack up prices of fish products by another 10 to 20 percent at the expense of the fish buying and eating public. This is one of negative impacts of the 250 percent increase in SLEx toll hike.â€ť
Prices of products coming from Quezon, Bicol, Mindoro, and other southern provinces will correspondingly increase with the toll fee hike, warned Pistonâ€™s Floranda, as small entrepreneurs outside of the cartels would have no choice but recoup their added expenses from consumers.
With the proposed 250-percent hike, a bus plying the SLEx to San Pedro, Laguna from Cubao would have to increase fare from todayâ€™s P65 to P98 ($1.51 to $2.279), a bus operator reportedly said.
In the face of growing peoplesâ€™ protests, the TRB announced Wednesday that there might be no increase yet this year in toll fees, pending the final and executory Supreme Court decision on the matter and the boardâ€™s holding of public hearing. This was in stark contrast to last weekâ€™s announcements by TRB spokesman Julius Corpus that there is no more postponement to implementing the increases, and SLTCâ€™s Isaac David that aside from the 250 percent toll hike they would impose early November, another looms by December.